The International Olympic Committee will hold a meeting on 8 October to discuss "the protection of clean athletes" following recent leaks of medical data by a group of hackers.
'Fancy Bears' have been releasing athletes' records stolen from a World Anti-Doping Agency (Wada) database.
A review of the Wada anti-doping system will also be on the agenda.
The IOC said it would "discuss principles for a more robust, more independent anti-doping system".
It added: "This will include a reinforcement of the request issued by the Olympic summit on 17 October 2015 to make the entire anti-doping system independent from sports organisations.
"The Olympic summit will also discuss a first debrief on the success of the Olympic Games Rio 2016."
The leaked medical records mostly detail therapeutic use exemptions (TUEs), which allow banned substances to be taken for athletes' verified medical needs.
There is no suggestion athletes named are involved in any wrongdoing.
A TUE allows an athlete, for medical reasons, to take a prescribed substance or have treatment that is otherwise prohibited.
British athletes must contact their national governing body or follow UK Anti-Doping (Ukad) guidance before applying for a TUE.
There are strict criteria for one to be granted: